Three Bags Full…of Long Leicester Wool. English-Border-Bluefaced Leicester

Written by Carol Densmore

Instead of researching genealogy and family stories, I tend to apply the same focus on sheep. Especially the breeds I raise—Bluefaced Leicester being one of them. Having one of the Leicester breeds, I was naturally drawn to the other breeds that sport the Leicester name—English Leicester and Border Leicester. Not enough to put them in my pastures, but enough to investigate what lineage and commonalities they share beside the name; and to dispel the belief that the Bluefaced Leicester is not a longwool.

As with many improved breeds, especially in the U.K., the history often leads back to Robert Bakewell. Turns out over 200 years ago Bakewell was responsible for developing a distinct, improved breed known as Dishley Leicester. From the Dishley Leicester, and the breeding methods used to get there, came a number of breeds including the long wool group of today’s English Leicester, Border Leicester, and Bluefaced Leicester. The ancestral lineage is pretty clear.

I’m not sure if Bakewell focused mainly on long wools, but that’s what he got with this group—a distinct range of wool on the long wool spectrum. Typically when we think of long wool breeds we think of a stronger, heavier fleece. One that stands up to outer wear, rugs, and even upholstery with a micron count higher than 35, or so. And that’s what you get with English Leicester wool…length, luster, and strength. It’s right up there with the Lincoln and Cotswold. Beautiful stuff! Then around 1850 the Border Leicester was established as a breed after many years of breed improvement. The Border Leicester is a product of a Dishley Leicester and Cheviot (and/or Teeswater) cross. And even though the cross created a sheep that is smaller than its Leicester ancestor and wool that is not as course, it’s still carries all the traits of a long wool breed…length, luster, and strength. And it stays in that category for sheep and wool shows. Then around 1920 the Bluefaced Leicester started to appear on the landscape with its tiny purled locks and not-so-voluminous fleece. In fact, one doesn’t think of heavy duty uses for BFL but instead for items worn next to the skin. So how could it be in the same category of a stronger, courser long wool breed? There are a couple of reasons.

First, the ancestral lineage shows a clear path back to the Dishley Leicester. And as the breeding improved, the BFL wool retained the Leicester luster and strength. The fleece length and volume changed but not into a totally different structure like the dense, squared-off lock of medium and fine wool breeds. Unlike medium breed wool that was a result of crossing a fine and long wool breeds, BFL wool held the classic longwool structure—individual locks that grow and hang parallel to the body—due to continuous improved breeding of the Dishley Leicester as opposed to crossbreeding.

Second, a distinct characteristic of a long wool breed is that its long locks easily part so that you can see the sheep’s skin. And the long locks are easily separated from each other. Even though BFL wool is finer than the English Leicester or Border Leicester, it still has those same characteristics. The difference in the micron count or the size of the lock doesn’t determine whether it’s longwool or, say, medium wool. The ancestral lineage of the sheep plus the wool characteristics it retains solidifies its place as a longwool breed.

Some books, judges, and breeders want to categorize BFL in the medium-wool category. I can see why. It’s finer in microns than the typical longwool, but not like a fine wool breed; a whole BFL fleece doesn’t have the volume of its distant Leicester cousins; and the purly lock structure is much thinner than the wider, wavier lock of a longwool sheep. That doesn’t place it into a medium wool category; it places it on the other end of the long wool spectrum…the finer end. That’s the beauty of this Leicester group, the options we have when it comes to the size of sheep and the variety of wool.

Whether it’s English, Border, or Bluefaced, the Leicester group keeps its place in the long wool pipeline as it has for centuries. Even with crossbreeding and improved breeding, the Leicester’s have stayed inside the realm of what constitutes long wool giving us three bags full of long Leicester wool.


Sheep and Man, M. L. Ryder. Duckworth & Co (January 25, 2007)

The Fleece & Fiber Sourcebook, Carol Ekarius and Deborah Robson. Storey Publishing, LLC (June 1, 2011)

Bluefaced Leicester Breeders Association,

Bluefaced Leicester Union of North America,

Leicester Wool Sheep Breeders Association,

American Border Leicester Association,

BFL National Show Schedule

From our National Show Committee:
National Schedule so far

Thursday: Arrive, set up, Dinner 6:30 at the Cascade Grill right next to the fairgrounds…don’t miss it we have fun stuff planned.

Saturday: show first thing in the am. Potluck and Spinners Lead-Fun for all

Sunday: Junior show and Best in show ring and wind down.

Please RSVP for Thursday’s dinner to Karen Szewc

2017 YCP Program info

If you know an aspiring young shepherd between the ages of 9 and 18 years old, please tell them about the Youth Conservationist Program. Donated ewes of heritage wool breeds of sheep are awarded to the winning recipients, enabling them to experience the joys and responsibilities of conserving heritage breeds. In 2016, 15 ewes were awarded to 15 aspiring shepherds, one of which was a BFL ewe donated by Margaret VanCamp and Lisa Rodenfels. The recipient was William O’Boyle of MD. Applications must be postmarked by April 1st.

BLU supports this program. We are looking for a member to donate the ewe for 2017. Please contact a board member or email

Correction to National Show sheep classes

Due to a misunderstanding, and the lack of time and space to add special BFL specific classes, we are posting an updated list of the classes offered for the BFL National Show on May 7&8 during the Maryland Sheep & Wool Festival in Friendship, MD. The sheep show is Saturday AM.
Whites and black will be shown separately, in two different shows

Individual and pair classes. Each exhibitor is allowed two entries per class (except in pair classes, where one pair equals one entry) ( you may enter more than 2 in a class, but only 2 are eligible for awards.)

1. Yearling ewes

2. Pair of yearling ewes

3. Ewe lambs

4. Pair of ewe lambs

Champion and reserve ewe *

5. Yearling rams

6. Ram lambs

7. Pair of ram lambs

Champion and reserve ram*

Group and special classes: each exhibitor allowed one entry per class.

8. Flock (2 ewe lambs, 2 yearling ewes, 1 ram)*

9. Best head, ram (white only)*

10. Best head, ewe (white only)*

11. Best fleece*

*sponsored award class (winners will receive an award in addition to a ribbon)